Electrofuel Production Requires Reliable, Clean Energy

While hydrogen can be used only onboard very low powered / short-ranged vessels due to storage and handling issues, ammonia and methanol derived from hydrogen could see widespread use. Both fuels require a lot of tank space, but when obtained from green hydrogen produced by cheap solar photovoltaic (PV) or wind they would be either carbon free (ammonia) or carbon neutral (methanol).

Green electrofuels such as hydrogen, ammonia and methanol, as opposed to fossil fuels, are energy carriers - their production is very energy intensive.

In order to understand the implications of the above it should be recalled that:


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